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HTML Paragraphs

HTML paragraphs are one of the most basic elements of HTML, and they allow you to organize your text into sections that are easy to read and understand.


What is an HTML paragraph?

An HTML paragraph is a block of text that starts on a new line and usually has some space before and after it. An HTML paragraph is defined by the <p> tag, which stands for "paragraph". The <p> tag is a container tag, which means that it has an opening tag (<p>) and a closing tag (</p>). Everything between the opening and closing tags is considered to be part of the paragraph.

For example, this is a HTML paragraph:

<p>This is a HTML paragraph.</p>


How to use HTML paragraphs?

You can use HTML paragraphs to divide your text into logical sections, such as introduction, body, and conclusion. You can also use HTML paragraphs to create lists, quotes, headings, and other types of text formatting.

To create a HTML paragraph, you simply need to write your text between the <p> and </p> tags. You can write as much text as you want in a paragraph, but it is recommended to keep your paragraphs short and concise for better readability.

For example, this is a HTML document with three paragraphs:

	<title>HTML Paragraphs</title>
	<p>This is the first paragraph.</p>
	<p>This is the second paragraph.</p>
	<p>This is the third paragraph.</p>


How to style HTML paragraphs?

By default, HTML paragraphs have some margin before and after them, which creates some space between them. You can change the margin of a paragraph by using CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), which is a language that allows you to style HTML elements.

You can use one of the following CSS style techniques to apply some styles to paragraph elements.

Inline Styling:

You can  style paragraphs using inline CSS to control their appearance, such as changing the font size, color, or line spacing::

<p style="font-size: 16px; color: #333; line-height: 1.5;">This is a styled paragraph.</p>

In this example, the style attribute is used to set the font size to 16 pixels, the color to a dark gray (#333), and the line height to 1.5 times the font size.

Internal Styling:

You can also use internal CSS to change other aspects of a paragraph, such as font size, color, alignment, background color, border, etc.

For example, this is how you can change the font size and color of a paragraph by using CSS:

p {
 font-size: 20px;
 color: blue;
<p>This is a HTML paragraph with font size 20px and color blue.</p>


Points to remember

  • You can also nest other HTML elements inside a paragraph, such as links, images, bold text, italic text, etc. 
  • However, you cannot nest another paragraph inside a paragraph, as that would create invalid HTML code.


Watch this chapter video on YouTube