Learn CSS

"If you want to learn how to style and design web pages, you need to master CSS. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets, and it is the language that defines the appearance and layout of HTML elements. In this course, you will learn the basics of CSS, such as selectors, properties, values, units, and colors. You will also learn how to use CSS to create responsive web design, animations, transitions, and more. By the end of this course, you will be able to create beautiful and functional web pages using CSS."

CSS Specificity

CSS specificity is a way to determine which CSS rule applies to a particular element when there are multiple rules that could potentially apply. It's important to understand specificity in order to write efficient and maintainable CSS code.

The concept of specificity is based on the idea that some selectors are more specific than others. When a browser is determining which styles to apply to an element, it looks at the specificity of each selector in the style rules that match the element.

Specificity is calculated by assigning a numerical value to each selector based on the number and type of selectors used. The more specific a selector, the higher its numerical value. For example, a selector with an ID has a higher specificity than a selector with a class.

The following list shows the order of specificity, from highest to lowest:

  1. Inline styles (e.g., style="color: red;")
  2. IDs (e.g., #my-element)
  3. Classes, pseudo-classes, and attribute selectors (e.g., .my-class, :hover, [type="submit"])
  4. Elements and pseudo-elements (e.g., div, ::before)

Here's an example to illustrate how specificity works:

   #my-element {
       color: red;
   .my-class {
       color: blue;
<div id="my-element" class="my-class">Hello World!</div>

In this example, both the ID selector #my-element and the class selector .my-class apply the color property to the div element. However, because the ID selector has a higher specificity, it takes precedence and the text will be red.

It's important to note that specificity can become a problem when writing complex stylesheets. Overusing IDs and inline styles can make it difficult to override or update styles later on. To avoid these issues, it's generally a good practice to use classes and other selectors instead of IDs, and to avoid using inline styles unless absolutely necessary.

Understanding CSS specificity is key to writing efficient and maintainable CSS code. By keeping specificity in mind when writing stylesheets, you can avoid conflicts and make it easier to update or modify your styles later on.