Learn CSS

"If you want to learn how to style and design web pages, you need to master CSS. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets, and it is the language that defines the appearance and layout of HTML elements. In this course, you will learn the basics of CSS, such as selectors, properties, values, units, and colors. You will also learn how to use CSS to create responsive web design, animations, transitions, and more. By the end of this course, you will be able to create beautiful and functional web pages using CSS."

CSS Syntax

CSS syntax refers to the rules that govern how CSS code is written and interpreted by web browsers. Understanding CSS syntax is essential for developers who want to create effective and maintainable styles for their web pages.

At its core, CSS syntax consists of two main components: selectors and declarations.



Selectors are used to target specific HTML elements on a web page. They allow developers to specify which elements should be styled by a particular set of CSS rules. Selectors can be based on HTML element types, classes, IDs, or other attributes.

Here's an example of a selector that targets all <p> elements on a page:

p {
 font-size: 16px;
 color: #333;

In this example, the selector is the first line of code (p), and the declarations are the subsequent lines of code that define the style rules. The font-size and color properties are examples of declarations.



Declarations are used to define the specific style rules that should be applied to the elements targeted by the selector. Declarations consist of a property and a value, separated by a colon.

Here's an example of a declaration:

color: #333;

In this example, color is the property being defined, and #333 is the value that is being assigned to that property. The color property is used to set the text color of an element.


Multiple Declarations:

Multiple declarations can be included within a single set of curly braces, allowing developers to define multiple style rules for a single selector. Here's an example of a set of CSS rules that define a particular style for a <div> element with the class "container":

.container {
 width: 100%;
 max-width: 1200px;
 margin: 0 auto;

In this example, the .container selector targets all elements with the class "container", and the subsequent declarations define the width, maximum width, and margin properties for those elements.


CSS Comments:

CSS syntax also allows for the use of comments, which can be used to provide context and explanations for the code. Comments are denoted by the /* and */ symbols, and anything written between them is ignored by the browser. Here's an example of a CSS comment:

/* This is a comment. It will not be interpreted by the browser. */

In conclusion, understanding CSS syntax is an essential skill for any web developer. By mastering the basics of selectors and declarations, developers can create effective and maintainable styles for their web pages, and take advantage of the many advanced features offered by CSS.